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Associação Brasileira da Indústria de Chocolates, Cacau, Amendoim, Balas e Derivados
Myths and Truths

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Cholesterol

Its vegetal origin gives peanut good advantage. Besides contributing to weight loss, because of monounsaturated fats, and cholesterol reduction – as a matter of fact, peanut itself has no cholesterol! -, peanut is responsible for keeping steady levels of sugar in blood and driving fat burning metabolism. Additionally, it helps convert body fat stocks into energy.

Allergy

Allergy is different from intolerance.

Some people may be sensitive to a particular food, but develop no reactions when eating it.

In the case of allergy, the body develops an adverse immune reaction after consumption of a certain food. According to experts, the proteins are the most common allergic component present in peanut kernel.

In the United States, allergy to peanut is common, mainly due to inherited genetic components, and also because it is consumed in early childhood, when the immunological system of babies and infants is not yet strong enough. 

In Brazil, allergy to peanut is not common; after all, Brazilian people is the result of a mixture of races and is used to eating leguminous of various kind, such as bean: carioca, kidney bean varieties, black-eyed bean, black-eyed peas, azuki bean…And that’s why we already have the antibodies in our immune systems. This strengthens the proposition that the typical food of each country influences the development of allergies.

Aphrodisiac effect

It cannot be said for sure that a given food has aphrodisiac effects, but some nutrients may actually improve sexual performance. This is the case of peanut: complex B vitamins and the amino acid, arginine, stimulate the production of sexual hormones. Peanut helps men prevent erectile dysfunction, as its nutrients increase blood circulation to the genitals.

Contamination

Peanut can be contaminated with aflatoxins, a substance harmful to human and animal health. Aflatoxins are chemical substances produced by many species of the fungus Aspergillus, mainly A. flavus and A. parasiticus.

The native habitat of these fungi is in soil, air and environments where moisture and temperature conditions are favorable to their growth.  Peanuts in shell must be stored at moisture of no more than 9% to ensure food safety conditions.

Besides peanut, aflatoxins can be found in dry fig, wheat, corn, barley, pecans, nuts and pistachios, among others.

How to avoid aflatoxins

To get rid of these noxious substances, the peanut production chain should look after post-harvest moisture. It is also important to avoid stacking the product near the floor and walls, and holes in the warehouse roof through which water could drop.

In this case, artificial driers are very effective to decrease moisture, and thus, preserve the quality of the kernels.

Pró-Amendoim has created a strict program to make sure that companies having this Certificate of Quality will manufacture and sell peanut-based products according to the standards set forth by Brazilian law.

If you are a manufacturer, click here to find more about steps required to obtain and maintain the Certificate of Quality.

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